Updated on October 31, 2020 by Asher Fergusson
Info on power adapter plugs for India & how to avoid frying your electronics!
After traveling to India 7 times over the past 7 years (that’s me pictured) I’ve learned the hard way how to deal with your electronics and power adapters in India.
Here’s the thing:
No matter what, it is going to be unpredictable (especially outside of the big cities). And it is always possible to fry your devices.
Read on to learn what you need for a trip to India.
1) Indian Outlets and Power Adapters
The plug shape used in India is quite different to the one we use here in the US and to most other countries as well. Your electronics will not work there unless you have a power adapter which is compatible with the Indian outlets (pictured).
The India power adapter is known as a “Type D” and works in all of the following countries: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan.
2) India Power Adapter by Hero Travel Supply
After having varying experiences from trying countless different brands of India Power Adapters, I decided to take matters into my own hands. My company, Hero Travel Supply, sources and sells these quality adapters that are individually tested in the USA.
Every order also comes with a corresponding free ebook which teaches you how to avoid frying your electronics in India. I wrote this comprehensive guide based on years of experience in dealing with the unpredictable, often surging power supply in India which can ruin your devices (I know because my $2000 Macbook got fried)!
3) India’s Voltage Level
The typical United States voltage is 120 volts, whereas the voltage in India is (supposed to be) 240 volts. This means that unless your electronics are able to accommodate 240V, the Indian outlet will likely destroy your device!
The next section addresses how to know what voltage your device can handle, and if you should even bring it on your trip.
Keep in mind that although India is supposed to be 240V it is very unpredictable and can spike well below or even high above this voltage level. Later on in the eBook we will discuss how to combat this problem, so you can best avoid damaging your electronics.
4) The Voltage of Your Devices
There are two main types of appliances and chargers available in the electronic world: those that use single-voltage and those that can accommodate dual-voltage.
Single-voltage devices have a small voltage range (such as 100–120V). They are able to handle small voltage fluctuations but will not be able to handle India’s 240V power supply—if used you will likely end up with a smoking piece of electronics!
Some examples of single voltage appliances are older hair dryers and irons. There should be a tag, compliance plate or stamp on the appliance letting you know the voltage compatibility (see example shown above). If they are not rated at 240V don’t even bring these items with you. They are a fire hazard, and at best will break on your trip.
Dual-voltage devices have a larger voltage range, for example 110V/240V. These devices are able to handle up to 240V, and are “safer” to bring to India.
Some examples of dual-voltage devices include newer hair dryers, electric shavers, toothbrushes, irons, laptops, Kindles (as shown in the image), tablets, smartphones, cell phones, MP3 players, cameras and battery chargers. No transformer or converter is required to use these items in India—you just need the Hero Travel Supply Power Adapter that you have already wisely purchased.
Introduction to India’s power supply – getting to know the terrain
1) Beware of electrocution from dodgy wiring
In general, the electrical wiring in India is extremely unconventional and not something to be taken for granted as being safe. We have on multiple occasions, touched a live wire that we didn’t notice and got a nasty shock.
One time it was so bad my entire arm was numb for a day!… I advise taking care at all times when plugging in or removing an item from an outlet.
2) India’s power supply is very unpredictable
Although outlets in India should run at 240V, power outages and power spikes are extremely common. This is because the reliability of India’s power supply varies widely, from state to state, right across the country, due to lack of proper infrastructure and wiring. Even “electrical thievery” is common in India where poor locals steal the power by hooking their home electrical power line to the overhead city lines without paying for it!
How much the power can spike during a given day varies greatly from place to place. The bigger cities’ power supply tends to be a little more stable, while the more remote “outback” locations tend to be more unstable. In some places we would suggest it is erratic and unpredictable at best.
No matter where you are, it’s important that you never rely on the stability or dependability of the power supply.
3) Huge Voltage Fluctuations
Constant power spikes—especially in remote areas of India—can cause the voltage in an outlet to fluctuate from 0V all the way to 280V+ in a matter of seconds!
That huge fluctuation means that your electronics will take a serious beating… and a power surge at 280V, or even higher, is when your electronics will likely get seriously damaged.
Get your India power adapters (and the below ebook) on Amazon HERE.
You may also like our other power adapter pages…
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