Egypt has an arid desert climate, meaning winters are mild to cool but rarely cold, and summers are intensely hot. Regardless of the heat, locals and tourists alike will be expected to cover up to keep in line with the region’s cultural customs. Opt for loose-fitting, flowing, breathable clothing that will keep you cool but will also help you blend in.
WINTER – December, January, February
Winter in Egypt enjoys mild weather, and temperatures rarely drop below 50°F (10°C). Winter can get windy, so avoid wearing white or light colored clothing, which is sure to get dusty and dirty! Prepare for temperatures to be warmer during the day and cool down a bit at night, which will require a light jacket.
SPRING – March, April, May
Spring in Egypt can be unpredictable, but expect temperatures to rise starting in March. Again, be prepared for warmer or hotter temperatures during the day and cooler temperatures at night. Sandstorms can also be prevalent during this time, but they mostly occur outside of major cities. Pack lightweight long and short-sleeved shirts and layers to adjust to changing temperatures.
SUMMER – June, July, August
Summer in Egypt is HOT, with temperatures averaging around 104° F (40° C) daily. Be prepared for the intense heat by packing plenty of lightweight cotton or linen clothing, sunscreen, sunglasses, and a good sun hat to protect you from the sun’s rays. Don’t forget to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, too.
FALL – September, October, November
Fall in Egypt is much more mild, with pleasant temperatures averaging around 85°F (29°C). Due to the improved weather, fall is one of the most popular tourist seasons in Egypt. Expect higher prices and bigger crowds at major tourist attractions during this time. You might also experience some rain in the fall, so pack your umbrella!
How to dress for different activities in Egypt – (Click to expand)
Pyramids and Historic Sites
– Though these locations are more touristy, it’s important for both genders to show respect for the local culture by keeping covered from your shoulders down to your knees. Opt for long skirts and flowing pants and tops that will keep you cool in the heat. Don’t forget your hat and sunscreen, too!
Nile River Cruise – Nile river cruise attire is a bit more relaxed than many of your other Egyptian destinations, as you’ll likely be surrounded by other tourists in western dress. Bare shoulders, shorts, and swimsuits are fine, but as a general rule, try to remain respectful of the crew and local Egyptians by proceeding with caution when it comes to overly revealing clothing.
Exploring the Cities – In the bigger cities like Cairo and Alexandria, many locals tend to opt for western style clothing like skinny jeans and t-shirts, as long as they are covered from the shoulders down to their knees. As long as you keep with this general rule and don’t wear overly tight or revealing clothing, you should be absolutely fine with western style clothing in the big cities.
Beach Resorts – Beach resorts in Egypt will also be a bit more relaxed when it comes to what to wear. Feel free to wear shorts and bathing suits as you’ll likely be surrounded by majority tourists. That said, consider opting for a more conservative swimsuit like this one to ward off unwanted attention and to show respect for the local culture.
Mosques and Holy Sites – It’s essential to dress appropriately and conservatively when entering mosques and holy sites in Egypt. That means women may be required to cover their head with a scarf or shawl, and both men and women will need to make sure they’re covered from their shoulders down to below their knees.